Order Picking Described

In any warehouse process, the preparation of orders is an essential element. It is an important part of the supply chain process that leads to the filling of customer orders.

What is Order Picking?
Within the warehouse, the picking process is all about taking and collecting a specified quantity of the goods for shipping out to the customer to satisfy their order. It is a fundamental element of the supply chain process in any warehouse. It depends on pickers locating and finding the goods needed to fill the customer’s order. It can be both a labour intensive process and costly activity for the warehouse
The picking processes can be described in a number of different ways. For example:

  • Picker to part – sees the picker walking around the warehouse collecting the goods needed for one order.
  • Zone picking – has each picker assigned to one particular area and fills only those orders with goods from that zone before passing the order on to the next picker.
  • Sorting systems – sees the goods being brought to the picker by an automated system. This can include conveyor belt systems.

Given the need to fill a customer’s order, it is important to get the order correct. Because of this the picking process is highly controlled.

When it comes to letting the picker know what goods to select, there are different ways to achieve this. This can include technologies such as:

  • A paper based list of items that form the order placed with the supplier.
  • RF Terminal.
  • Voice Picking Equipment.
  • Pick by Light System.

Also, there are automated systems that can select items from storage and bring them to the picker assembling the order. This can include conveyor belt systems.

Potential Issues
When it comes to order picking equipment, there are potential issues. For example, if pickers have to walk too far to select goods or there are not enough pickers it can delay how quickly orders are filled. Similarly, if stock levels run down too fast there is a danger that orders go out incomplete, or pickers have to wait around for the stock to be refilled. The risk is that customer satisfaction drops.

An insight into warehousing logistics

The concept of warehouse logistics entails the distribution management of both outbound and inbound goods to their desired location in a timely manner – the aim being to provide convenient warehousing solutions to the customer. Synergy between warehousing and logistics ensure that proper distribution channels are utilized in getting a product from its manufacturer to its end user. The use of warehousing and logistics would ensure that demand is effectively calculated, and supply chain requirements are properly analyzed.

Warehousing services and logistics

Key components in the supply chain – such as warehousing, logistics, and warehousing distribution management – are tasked with ensuring that the supplies data is updated and analyzed through the utilization of modern technology. For an organization, the choice of any particular warehousing facility is a crucial decision which should be weighed against varying factors to ensure that they align with the functions of their business model.

Pricing in warehousing logistics

It is essential to have cost effective warehousing solutions. . For a warehousing solution to remain competitive there must be a balance between cost and features. It is necessary to find a pricing point that allows you to streamline your operations, and at the same time ensures that your operations are profitable.

Packing and labeling in warehousing logistics

In today’s warehousing and logistics the use of modern technology in packaging and labeling cannot be overemphasized. A comprehensive labeling system which is user friendly and effective is essential. Its essence is to ensure speedy processing. An integral aspect of warehouse logistics is the use of barcoding technology. Its aim is to provide more clarity and ease in tracking through the use of specialized labeling techniques. They provide customers with speedy information on the status of their product.

The fast-paced nature of modern distribution management businesses makes it essential to have these factors properly reviewed – prior to making any warehousing decision. An emphasis on quality cannot be overstated – as warehousing facilities should ensure that their clients are provided with efficient and reliable warehousing logistical services. In any case, the nature and quality of any warehousing service you choose, is an indirect reflection of the quality standards of your organization.


How to operate a warehouse logistics business

A warehouse is a large storehouse where goods are stored in a long term or short term basis. This is a common practice for businesses that do wholesaling of goods, where goods are bought in bulk mostly from manufacturers and need a place to store them during their the time they are on stock. Warehouses also store goods that are not currently in use. This is probably the most common use, owing to the unique way in which different kinds of merchandise are handled.
There are businesses that offer this kind of storage space as a commercial service. These are common near ports and airports where goods are stored when they are imported before the owners come to collect them. These goods have to be kept safe when they are in this warehouse storage.
With this kind of business, there is a gap that is created. That of the actual management of the movement of goods from one place to another. The goods in the warehouse are usually there temporarily, at one point they will have to be moved to another place, either for use or sale. This management of warehouse transactions and how goods come in and go out is known as warehouse logistics.
There are people known as warehouse logistics managers who are employed to handle all the smooth operations in the space. Their sole job is the managing of space available and how goods will be stored in the warehouse depending on the kind of goods in question. They are also responsible for the employee issues in the place. They are in charge of scheduling and assigning of work shifts.
Apart from ensuring that the space is well kept in order, they are also supposed to take care of all the dispatching of the goods from the warehouse and maintain the safety standards of both the goods stored and the people handling the goods.
This entire business is highly dependent on orderly record keeping. The records should be correct and complete in order to avoid losses that occur from loss of goods and misappropriation of available space.

Storage Systems

Many businesses will erroneously associate logistics solely with the transport and distribution of goods from the supplier to the end user. On the contrary, storage is an important metric that deserves an equal amount of attention. From perishable foodstuffs to electronic equipment, there are several issues which need to be addressed in order to maximise efficiency while guaranteeing continuous quality control. Let us have a brief look at a few concepts that should be embraced as well as why storage solutions are so pivotal in terms of the ultimate success of any organisation.


We should first realise that accountability is key to any efficient management system. Being able to track and itemise products within a production setting will help to avoid oversights, lost products and redundancies. In turn, management is provided with a clear means to track and improve their existing logistical methods.


End-user distribution also needs to be taken into consideration. The only way that this can be accomplished is through the implementation of a reliable and yet transparent storage system. Whether we are referring to the capacity to store specific electronic components or a long-term system intended to secure items for the subsequent shipment to another facility, these concerns are just as viable.


Centralised access tends to be a concept that is embraced within the logistics infrastructure as a whole. When all storage data can be analysed from a single node, it is much easier to encounter any discrepancies. On-the-fly adjustments may be implemented while the concept of interdepartmental accountability is enhanced. Many modern logistics systems will heavily emphasis such a centralised approach.


From the examples listed above, it should now be clear that there are several windfalls in terms of modern storage systems. First, the business will be aware of its inventory, the location of certain items and how long these items will require to be moved from one location to another. Secondly, end-user demands can be fulfilled within an amenable time frame. Finally, higher levels of efficiency are all but guaranteed with this cutting-edge logistical approach.

Refining the layout of your storage system
Developing a safe and efficient storage system can be a daunting task. Here are some tips to guide you along the way;

1. Understanding the requirements of your business
Before designing a storage facility, it is essential to examine your records. Sufficient data analysis should be done – so as to have proper projections on stock turns, returns, and stock volumes. It would help determine the size of the warehouse, its storage capacity, and the number of dock stations it would require.

2. Making provision for inter-modal traffic
Pay attention to the type of trailers that would be coming into your warehouse. When structuring your facility, it is necessary to make provisions for a variety of trailers. There may be variations in the size height of the traffic coming in and out of your facility – hence, it is necessary to have your warehouse designed to accommodate a variety of trailers.

3. Designing a proper receiving area
It is important to create a receiving area that is spacious. This is because this area is usually one of the busiest sections of a warehouse. A receiving area that is tight or cramped up could give rise to unnecessary injuries, and other profit-draining mishaps.

4. Choosing proper door designs
It is advisable to avoid making the doors in the interior part of the facility too big – as it could be a waste of space and energy. If there is need for a large opening, it is best to have a single large outer door – while keeping the interior doors small.

5. Safety and Efficiency
Safety and efficiency should work hand-in-hand. Ensure that safety signs a placed appropriately within and around the facility. Make a conscious effort at ensuring the safety of lives and property within your facility. Ensure that there are clear demarcations for pedestrian and forklift traffic – in possible set-up physical barriers to ensure that both are kept apart.

6. Cargo protection
Trailers at the dock essentially become a part of your warehouse – hence, it is essential to implement adequate cargo security measures. An example would be the use of interlocked restraints that are sensitive to external tampering.